PCOS : POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME

All you wanted to know about PCOS, its symptoms, and exercise to get rid of it.

Polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, is a hormonal condition that women can get during their childbearing age. It can affect your ability to be fertile.

What Is PCOS?

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The word “polycystic” means “many cysts.”
PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a “syndrome,” or group of symptoms that affects the ovaries and ovulation. Here,
many small, fluid-filled sacs grow inside the ovaries.

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Main features:

  • cysts in the ovaries
  • high levels of male hormones
  • irregular or skipped periods.
  • acne and
  • unwanted body and facial hair.

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Hormones and PCOS:

When you have PCOS, your reproductive hormones are out of balance. This can lead to menstruation problems like not having your period on time or not getting it.

The hormones that play a role in PCOS include:

  • Androgens. They’re often called male hormones, but women have them, too. Women with PCOS tend to have higher levels.
  • Insulin. This hormone manages your blood sugar. If you have PCOS, your body might not react to insulin the way it should.
  • Progesterone. With PCOS, your body may not have enough of this hormone. You might miss your periods for a long time or have trouble predicting when they’ll come.

Symptoms of PCOS:

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The most common PCOS symptoms are

  • missed, irregular, infrequent, or prolonged periods.
  • Excess androgens can cause hair loss, hair excess at certain places(like on your face), and
  • acne.

Other symptoms include:

  • Weight gain
  • Pelvic pain
  • Darkened skin or excess skin (skin tags) on the neck or in the armpits.
  • Mood changesCauses:
  • Idiopathic: Doctors don’t know exactly what causes PCOS
  • insulin resistance
  • inflammation
  • Genes

All eventually cause excess androgen production.

Diagnosis:

  • high androgen levels
  • irregular menstrual cycles
  • cysts in the ovaries usually detected by an ultrasound scan of the pelvic area.

Impact of PCOS on Fertility:

PCOS interrupts the normal menstrual cycle and makes it harder to get pregnant. Approximately 70 percent of women with PCOS have fertility problems and may also increase the risk for pregnancy complications like premature delivery of baby, miscarriage, gestational diabetes and High blood pressure with thyroid problems.

Diet and lifestyle tips for PCOS:

Diet plus exercise helps you lose more weight than either intervention alone, and it lowers your risks for diabetes and heart disease.

Treatment for PCOS usually starts with lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise.

Weight loss also improves cholesterol levels, lowers insulin, and reduces heart disease and diabetes risks. Losing weight with exercise also improves ovulation and insulin levels.

Any diet that helps you lose weight can help your condition.
low-carbohydrate diets, effective for both weight loss and lowering insulin levels.

Exercise: 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at least three days a week.

Yoga and meditation:

Some Yoga and Pranayam postures and meditation is more helpful to tackle this problem.

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Medicinal help:
Birth control pills along with
diabetes drug Metformin can help bring back a normal menstrual cycle.
Clomiphene and
Surgery improves fertility in women with PCOS.
Hair removal medicines can rid women of unwanted hair.

PCOS vs PCOD:

Basic Differences:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a disorder of the endocrine system, while PCOD is a condition developed by the imbalance of hormones

PCOS is a serious condition. PCOS has a lower number of patients. PCOS is visible early in life.

PCOD is more common. PCOD doesn’t have significant fertility issues.
PCOD is not considered a disease as with the correct diet and exercise schedule, the situation improves.

PCOS is a metabolic disorder.
Women who suffer from PCOS, on the other hand, struggle with infertility. They even have higher rates of miscarriages.

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a condition where the ovaries release a lot of immature or partially-mature eggs which eventually turn into cysts. Some of the common symptoms are abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility. In this condition, the ovaries usually become enlarged and secrete large amounts of androgens that can cause havoc with a woman’s fertility and her body

The women who have PCOD may have similar symptoms as PCOS, but they retain the ability to ovulate periodically and thus, can conceive successfully. However, those with PCOS do not ovulate due to a severe hormonal imbalance that disturbs the process of ovulation.

Conclusion:

Focus on a healthy lifestyle, reduce excess weight, be positive, exercise regularly, eat consciously.

Don’t worry, be happy. Have a stress-free life. Become a successful woman. 

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